The course starts with a critique of a moderate-sized C program, and then introduces C++ features to correct the flaws in that program. As the program evolves toward an object-oriented design, the course introduces more C++ features to improve the clarity of the design and the efficiency of the resulting code. Thus, rather than present language features out of context, this course presents each major C++ feature as the solution to a real-world programming problem. In order to give the students a more realistic setting for using the language, the course concentrates on a handful of larger examples and exercises, instead of a smattering of small, isolated examples. Along the way, all the key syntactic features of C++ are introduced and explained in detail.
This seminar does not cover certain advanced language features, such as the STL, advanced file I/O, or GUI programming. While this C++ training stresses the object oriented features in C++, it is not a course in object-oriented design or analysis.
Key Learning Areas
- Become familiar with the core syntax of the language.
- Learn how object oriented practices can improve modularity, extensibility, and robustness.
- Explore, in depth, the reasoning behind C++'s object oriented features.
- Learn to apply C++'s OOP features.
- Get hands-on experience applying OOP techniques to realistic programming examples.
- Fundamental Design Concepts
- Abstract Data Types
- The "Spirit" of C++
- Translating Object-Oriented Concepts into Practice
- Compiling and Running C++ programs
- "Programming in the Large"
- Case study: Critiquing a "Large" C program
- Encapsulation using Separate Compilation
- Classes and Objects
- Member Functions
- Declaring and Using Objects
- Partitioning Design Decisions
- C++ Notation and Terminology
- Access Control
- Storage Allocation
- Static, Automatic and Dynamic Memory
- new and delete operators
- Case study: Dynamic Arrays
- Constructors and Destructors
- Member Initializers
- Static Data and Function Members
- Building More Powerful Abstractions
- Inline Functions
- Function Name Overloading
- const and volatile Qualifiers
- const Member Functions
- References as Arguments and Return Types
- Copy Constructors
- Language Extensibility
- Operator Overloading
- Case Study: Rational Numbers
- Default Assignment Operator
- Default Function Arguments
- Friend Functions
- Stream Input and Output
- Conversion Operators
- Reusing Classes via Membership (Aggregation or Composition)
- Reusing Classes via Inheritance (Derivation)
- Inheritance vs. Aggregation (Is-A vs. Has-A Relationships)
- Scope and Access Control
- Scope Rules
- Nested Classes
- Friend Classes
- More on Access Control
- Object-Oriented Programming Techniques
- Static vs. Dynamic Binding
- Case Study: a Unix-like File System
- Type Fields and Discriminated Unions
- Common Interfaces Using Inheritance
- Virtual Functions
- Abstract Base Classes and Pure Virtual Functions
- Pointer and Reference Conversions
- Case Study: a Hierarchy of Geometric Shapes
Experienced software developers who want to "move up" to C++ and object oriented programming.
Project managers who need to understand how C++ and object oriented programming differ from traditional C programming.
Participants need not have any prior C++ experience, but should be experienced with C. (A reading knowledge is rarely sufficient.) In particular, qualified participants should be able to:
- Read and write data declarations and function prototype declarations
- Understand the interchangeability of pointer and subscripting notation
- Work with structs and pointers to structs
- Build programs from more than one source (.c) file